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在Apache+PHP环境下防止虚拟主机被旁注

时间:2012-05-30 23:50来源:http://www.redicecn.com 作者:redice 点击:
刀客点评:Apache+PHP环境下防止虚拟主机被旁注的方法
作者:redice
原文地址:http://www.redicecn.com/html/wangluoanquan/20110904/330.html



IIS环境下比较容易实现,可以通过独立“匿名访问账户” + NTFS权限来防止。

查了一下,Apache下类似IIS的独立虚拟主机账户的方案貌似不太好实现,但有一种更简单的方法:

就是在VirtualHost节中通过添加

php_admin_value open_basedir /data/wwwroot/www.redicecn.com

来限制当前虚拟主机PHP的操作权限仅在/data/wwwroot/www.redicecn.com目录下。

我用Phpspy测试了一下,果然很有效(如下图所示,未加该限制时可以列出文件)。

 
注意:
就在我上次上面的图片时出现了问题:上传文件失败了。
因为Web服务器在处理文件上传时会用到系统的临时目录(对于Linux来说就是/tmp),所以还必须要有这个目录的操作权限才可以。
 
php_admin_value open_basedir支持同时设置多个目录,目录之前要用:分隔。完整如下:
php_admin_value open_basedir /data/wwwroot/www.redicecn.com/:/tmp/
 
 
来自于PHP官方的更多说明:http://www.php.net/manual/en/ini.core.php#ini.open-basedir
 
open_basedir string

Limit the files that can be opened by PHP to the specified directory-tree, including the file itself. This directive is NOT affected by whether Safe Mode is turned On or Off.

When a script tries to open a file with, for example, fopen() or gzopen(), the location of the file is checked. When the file is outside the specified directory-tree, PHP will refuse to open it. All symbolic links are resolved, so it's not possible to avoid this restriction with a symlink. If the file doesn't exist then the symlink couldn't be resolved and the filename is compared to (a resolved) open_basedir .

The special value . indicates that the working directory of the script will be used as the base-directory. This is, however, a little dangerous as the working directory of the script can easily be changed with chdir().

In httpd.conf, open_basedir can be turned off (e.g. for some virtual hosts) the same way as any other configuration directive with "php_admin_value open_basedir none".

Under Windows, separate the directories with a semicolon. On all other systems, separate the directories with a colon. As an Apache module, open_basedir paths from parent directories are now automatically inherited.

The restriction specified with open_basedir is a directory name since PHP 5.2.16 and 5.3.4. Previous versions used it as a prefix. This means that "open_basedir = /dir/incl" also allowed access to "/dir/include" and "/dir/incls" if they exist. When you want to restrict access to only the specified directory, end with a slash. For example: open_basedir = /dir/incl/

The default is to allow all files to be opened.

Note:

As of PHP 5.3.0 open_basedir can be tightened at run-time. This means that if open_basedir is set to /www/ in php.ini a script can tighten the configuration to /www/tmp/ at run-time with ini_set(). When listing several directories, you can use the PATH_SEPARATOR

 

另外看到了另外一种设置临时目录的方法: http://brandonwamboldt.ca/multiple-directories-w-php-open_basedir-540/

 

php_admin_value     open_basedir /var/www/vhosts/saebermedia.com
php_admin_value     upload_tmp_dir /var/www/vhosts/saebermedia.com/.tmp

 

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